Enantioselective interactions of dextromethorphan and levomethorphan with the alpha 3 beta 4-nicotinic acetylcholine receptor: comparison of chromatographic and functional data
J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci. 2003 Nov 25;797(1-2):373-9
Jozwiak K, Hernandez SC, Kellar KJ, Wainer IW
The enantioselectivity of the interaction of dextromethorphan (DM) and levomethorphan (LM) with an immobilized alpha 3 beta 4 subtype of the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) liquid chromatographic stationary phase has been compared to DM- and LM-induced non-competitive blockade of nicotine-stimulated 86Rb(+) efflux from cells expressing the alpha 3 beta 4-nAChR. The association rate constants (k(on)) and dissociation rate constants (k(off)) for the formation of the DM and LM complexes with the nAChR were determined using non-linear chromatographic techniques and the k(off) value for DM (1.01+/-0.01 s(-1)) was significantly lower than the k(off) for LM (1.55+/-0.002s(-1)) while the k(on) values did not significantly differ (23.66+/-0.61 and 18.61+/-0.36 microM(-1)s(-1), respectively). In thermodynamic studies using the van't Hoff approach, the enthalpy change (Delta H degrees) of the DM-nAChR complex was 330 calmol(-1) more stable than the LM-nAChR complex, while there was no significant difference in the entropy change (DeltaS degrees ). In the functional in vitro cell-based studies, there was no significant difference in the observed IC(50) values for DM (10.1+/-1.01 microM) and LM (10.9+/-1.08 microM), but the recovery from the DM-induced blockade was slower than the recovery from LM-induced blockade; after 7 min: 38.25+/-15.46% recovery from DM blockade, 63.30+/-16.08% from LM blockade; after 4h: 76.20+/-4.51% recovery from DM blockade and 93.12+/-8.76% from LM blockade. The enantioselective differences in the functional effects are consistent with the chromatographic and thermodynamic data and indicate that this difference is due to increased stability of the DM-nAChR complex. The results suggest that the chromatographic approach can be used to probe the interaction of non-competitive inhibitors (NCIs) with nAChRs and to predict relative duration of functional blockades.